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Vitamin D linked to low infection death rate

Vitamin D linked to low infection death rate
Credit: Anglia Ruskin University A new study has found an association between low average levels of vitamin D and high numbers of COVID-19 cases and mortality rates across 20 European countries. The research, led by Dr. Lee Smith of Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) and Mr Petre Cristian Ilie, lead urologist of Queen Elizabeth Hospital King's…
Vitamin D linked to low virus death rate
Credit: Anglia Ruskin University.

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A brand-new research study has discovered an association between low typical levels of vitamin D and high numbers of COVID-19 cases and mortality rates across 20 European nations.

The research, led by Dr. Lee Smith of Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) and Mr Petre Cristian Ilie, lead urologist of Queen Elizabeth Health center King’s Lynn NHS Structure Trust, is released in the journal Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

Previous observational research studies have actually reported an association between low levels of D and vulnerability to acute breathing tract infections. Vitamin D modulates the action of white blood cells, avoiding them from releasing too many inflammatory cytokines. The COVID-19 virus is known to cause an excess of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Italy and Spain have both knowledgeable high COVID-19 death rates, and the new study reveals that both nations have lower typical vitamin D levels than many northern European countries. This is partly because individuals in southern Europe, particularly the senior, prevent strong sun, while skin coloring also reduces natural vitamin D synthesis.

The highest average levels of vitamin D are found in northern Europe, due to the intake of cod liver oil and vitamin D supplements, and possibly less sun avoidance. Scandinavian countries are amongst the countries with the lowest variety of COVID-19 cases and death rates per head of population in Europe.

Dr. Lee Smith, Reader in Exercise and Public Health at Anglia Ruskin University, said: “We discovered a significant crude relationship in between average vitamin D levels and the number COVID-19 cases, and especially COVID-19, per head of population across the 20 European nations.

” Vitamin D has been shown to protect versus severe breathing infections, and older adults, the group most lacking in vitamin D, are also the ones most seriously impacted by COVID-19

” A previous research study discovered that 75%of individuals in organizations, such as medical facilities and care homes, were seriously lacking in vitamin D. We recommend it would be advisable to carry out devoted research studies taking a look at vitamin D levels in COVID-19 patients with various degrees of illness intensity.”

Mr Petre Cristian Ilie, lead urologist of Queen Elizabeth Medical facility King’s Lynn NHS Foundation Trust, said: “Our research study does have limitations however, not least because the variety of cases in each country is affected by the variety of tests performed, along with the different procedures taken by each country to avoid the spread of infection. Lastly, and notably, one need to remember connection does not always mean causation.”.



More details:
Petre Cristian Ilie et al, The role of vitamin D in the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 infection and death, Aging Clinical and Speculative Research(2020). DOI: 10.1007/ s40520-020-01570 -8

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Vitamin D connected to low infection death rate (2020, May 7).
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