Astronomers have actually captured an image of a super-rare kind of galaxy that is 11 billion light-years far from Earth.
The star formation, called R5519, has been explained by researchers as a ‘cosmic ring of fire’ that looks like a ‘titanic doughnut’.
It has a hole in the centre that is two billion times longer than the range in between Earth and the Sun, and is said to be making stars 50 times faster than the Galaxy.
The discovery was announced today in the journal Nature Astronomy and determined as a ‘collisional ring galaxy’, making it one of the earliest known in the universe.
Galaxy called R5519 has been referred to as a ‘cosmic ring of fire’ by researchers. It is 11 billion light-years far from Earth
‘ It is an extremely curious object that we’ve never seen prior to,’ said lead scientist Dr Tiantian Yuan, from Australia’s ARC Centre of Quality for All Sky Astrophysics in Three-Dimensions. ‘It looks unusual and familiar at the same time’.
It was imaged through data collected by the WM Keck Observatory in Hawaii and tape-recorded in the NASA Hubble Space Telescope.
Professor Kenneth Freeman, who also worked on the task, said: ‘The collisional formation of ring galaxies requires a thin disk to be present in the “victim” galaxy before the accident happens.
‘ The thin disk is the specifying element of spiral nebula – before it assembled, the galaxies remained in a disorderly state, not yet recognisable as spiral nebula.
The galaxy was imaged utilizing pictures taken by NASA’s Hubble Telescope
‘ When it comes to this ring galaxy, we are recalling into the early universe by 11 billion years, into a time when thin disks were only simply putting together.
‘ For contrast, the thin disk of our Galaxy began to come together just about 9 billion years earlier.
‘ The discovery is an indicator that disk assembly in spiral nebula occurred over a more prolonged duration than formerly believed.’