The full moon sets behind trees in the Taunus region near Frankfurt, Germany, Thursday, May 7, 2020. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

The full moon sets behind trees in the Taunus region near Frankfurt, Germany, Thursday, May 7, 2020. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)

The moon sets behind trees in the Taunus area near Frankfurt, Germany, Thursday, May 7,2020 (AP Photo/Michael Probst).

Michael Probst/AP Picture.

A Blue Blood Moon will await the sky on Halloween.

It’s absolutely nothing to fear, however, despite the ominous name. A blue moon is the term for the second moon in a single month, and a Blood Moon is simply the name for a moon that falls in the month of October.

The backdrop is rare for October 31: Full-moon Halloweens just take place every 18 or 19 years, according to The Old Farmer’s Almanac

Across North America and Europe, people have used moons to track months and seasons for thousands of years, naming each one based on the seasonal modifications it suggests.

The names appointed to complete moons are typically attributed to the native Algonquian individuals, who share a family of languages and stem from the location that today varies from New England as far west as Lake Superior.

Different languages and cultures defined their moons in a different way, sometimes based on agricultural cycles, sometimes on natural phenomena.

October: Hunter’s Moon, Blood Moon, Dying Turf Moon, Travel Moon

hunting shooting guns dogs pheasants

A man shoots at pheasants flying overhead throughout a pheasant hunt in Stokenchurch, southern England.

Eddie Keog/REUTERS.

These names refer to the time of year when leaves have actually fallen, the deer are fat, and animals are entering into harvested fields to consume what’s left. Historically, hunters benefited from October to store meat for the winter

The next one: October 31, 2020

November: Beaver Moon, Frosty Moon

beaver woodchuck tree

A Canadian beaver chews through a tree in Gatineau Park, Quebec.

Wikimedia Commons.

Beavers prepare for winter in November, as do trappers. This moon indicated the time to catch beavers and protect a supply of warm furs before the swamps froze.

The next one: November 30, 2020

December: Cold Moon, Long Night’s Moon

full moon snow moon december

The moon sets behind a mountain at daybreak in Lake Louise, Alberta on December 2,2009

Andy Clark/REUTERS.

December has the longest, darkest nights of the year, and the moon sits above the horizon longer than normal. Some Europeans and their descendants in North America also called the December full moon the “moon prior to Yule.”

The next one: December 29, 2020

January: Wolf Moon, Old Moon, Ice Moon


John Moore/Getty Images.

In mid-winter, as the story goes, starving wolves would collect outdoors villages in The United States and Canada and middle ages Europe and groan into the night. This moon was sometimes also called the “moon after Yule.”

The next one: January 28, 2021

February: Snow Moon, Hunger Moon

snow moon february full moon

The full “Snow Moon” increases above the Hudson River and the town of Irvington, New York, February 3,2015

Mike Segar/REUTERS.

In North America, February marks the depths of winter season, when snow blankets the ground and fresh food was typically more difficult to come by. Since it’s a much shorter month, some Februarys do not have a moon at all.

The next one: February 27, 2021

March: Worm Moon, Sap Moon, Crow Moon

maple tapping massachusetts

Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker urges sap to come out of a maple tree throughout an occasion at Hollis Hill Farm in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, March 6,2015

REUTERS/Brian Snyder.

As spring approaches, earthworms emerge from the ground, maple trees are ripe for tapping, and crows caw to declare the end of winter. European inhabitants with spiritual calendars called this the Lenten moon.

The next one: March 28, 2021

April: Pink Moon, Sprouting Turf Moon, Egg Moon, Fish Moon

pink flower spring Phlox_Paniculata

Phlox flowers flower in early spring.

Wikimedia Commons.

The pink moon is named for the pink phlox flowers that flower in spring. The other names refer to extra staples of the changing season: growing lawn, birds filling nests with eggs, and fish that swim upstream to generate.

The next one: April 26, 2021

May: Flower Moon, Planting Moon


REUTERS/Mike Blake.

In May, flowers break fully into blossom and it ends up being time to plant crops again.

The next one: May 26, 2021

June: Strawberry Moon, Rose Moon, Hot Moon

picking strawberries vermont

A household selects strawberries at the Legare Farm Stand in Calais, Vermont, June 21,2007

AP Photo/Toby Talbot.

Strawberries ripen for selecting in June. Europeans called this the rose moon, and other cultures called it the hot moon because it harkens summer season heat ahead.

The next one: June 24, 2021

July: Buck Moon, Thunder Moon, Hay Moon

Reuters best wildlife animal images of 2015 deer

Young stag deer clash antlers during the annual rut in Richmond Park in west London, Britain, October 16,2015 The Royal Park has had Red and Fallow deer present considering that 1529, and early autumn sees the rutting or breeding season start amongst the herd of over 6 hundred animals.

REUTERS/Toby Melville.

Deer grow new, silky antlers in July, and thunderstorms rage aplenty in some parts of The United States and Canada. For Anglo-Saxons, July was everything about hay.

The next one: July 23, 2021

August: Sturgeon Moon, Red Moon

sturgeon fish

Virginia Commonwealth University graduate student Matt Balazik prepares to toss a 70- lb Atlantic sturgeon into the James River near Charles City, Virginia, October 8,2010

AP Photo/Steve Helber.

Tribes near the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain knew August was the best time to catch sturgeon, a massive, hearty fish. Some people likewise think the moon appears more reddish in color this month because of the heat.

The next one: August 22, 2021

September: Harvest Moon, Corn Moon, Barley Moon

Amish harvest corn in Maryland

Amish people harvest corn in Maryland.

Mark Wilson/Getty Images.

A Harvest Moon sometimes takes place in October (the moon does not follow the Gregorian calendar), but it’s always the full moon closest to the autumnal equinox.

Since the harvest moon increases with the setting sun, it looks larger than usual.

Some full moons are called supermoons or micromoons. The modern terms refer to how large and small the moon takes a look at numerous points in its elliptical orbit.

Supermoon 2013

REUTERS/Paul Hanna.

Supermoons occur when the moon is at perigee– the closest point to Earth.

Since the International Astronomical Union (IAU) has actually not formally defined supermoons or micromoons, astronomers disagree on which full moons get the designation.

The next full supermoon: March 28, 2021

The next complete micromoon: October 31, 2020


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